Welcome on the Necker-Enfants Malades Institute website

from basic science:
to the translational research:
Etienne Morel

Focus

LabCloud

The main focus of our research team is to understand how mammalian cells mobilize organelles, endomembrane-based signaling platforms and autophagic machinery to adapt to stress situations and external stimuli.

More information / follow us on:
https://www.researchgate.net/lab/Etienne-Morel-Lab-autophagy-pathway-and-intracellular-membrane-dynamics-Etienne-Morel

https://twitter.com/MorelLab4

Introduction

Mammalian intracellular compartments are highly regulated and renewed to ensure the maintaining of proper cell physiology. In this dynamic context, the intracellular degradative autophagy pathway probably takes advantages of – and initiates dialogs with - pre-existing signaling platforms, organelles and endomembranes. Although there is low-level basal activity, autophagy is mostly associated with stress responses and is considered as an acute protective system that ensures cell homeostasis and contributes directly to cell metabolism and energy regulation. Accordingly, autophagy participates in development, immunity and protects against cell modifications related to ageing. Autophagy involves the formation, and subsequent trafficking, of autophagosomes, which arise from the closure of transient cup-shaped double-membrane structure termed phagophore that capture cytoplasmic cargos for a final delivery to lysosomes. Studying the crosstalk of autophagic machinery with other cellular organelles and structures, such as mitochondria, endosomes and primary cilia, will shed light on the importance of endomembranes and signaling platforms cooperation in stress sensing and homeostasis regulation in a wide variety of mammalian cells.

Research objectives

Our project aims at investigating the cellular and molecular mechanisms that regulate autophagic pathway during stress response in cooperation with other endomembranes, in physiological and pathophysiological situations.

3 interconnected axes are currently investigated in my laboratory:

  1. Space and time orchestration of autophagy associated membrane dynamics processes: roles of phosphoinositides and lipid-kinases, scaffolding proteins, cytoskeleton and membrane contact sites
  2. Cannonical and non-cannonical functions of autophagic machinery during the crosstalk with the primary cilium
  3. Non-cell autonomous functions of mechanical stress induced autophagy in kidney epithelial cells differentiation and metabolism, in normal and pathological situations

Keywords: autophagic membranes and machinery, chemical, nutritional, infectious and mechanical stresses, primary cilium, endosomes, mitochondria, metabolism, membrane dynamics and contact-sites.

5 main publications

  • Chemical targeting of NEET proteins reveals their function in mitochondrial morphodynamics
    Molino D*, Pila-Castellanos I*, Marjault HB, Amoedo ND, Kopp K, Rochin L, Karmi O, Sohn YS, Lines L, Hamaï A, Joly S, Radreau P, Vonderscher J, Codogno P, Giordano F, Machin P, Rossignol R, Meldrum E, Arnoult D, Ruggieri A, Nechushtai R, De Chassey B and Morel E
    EMBO Reports 2020 Nov
  • The primary cilium and lipophagy translate mechanical forces to direct metabolic adaptation of kidney epithelial cells
    Miceli C*, Penalva-Mousset L*, Roccio F*, Burtin M, Leroy C, Nemazanyy I, Friedlander G, Morel E, Terzi F, Codogno P and Dupont N
    Nature Cell Biology, 2020 Aug
  • PI3KC2α-dependent and VPS34-independent generation of PI3P controls primary cilium-mediated autophagy in response to shear stress
    Boukhalfa A*, Nascimbeni AC*, Ramel D, Dupont N, Hirsch E, Gayral S, Laffargue M#, Codogno P and Morel E
    Nature Communications, 2020 Jan
  • ER-plasma membrane contact sites contribute to autophagosome biogenesis by regulation of local PI3P synthesis
    Nascimbeni AC, Giordano F, Dupont N, Grasso D, Vaccaro MI, Codogno P and Morel E.
    EMBO Journal, 2017 May
  • Autophagosomes contribute to intracellular lipid distribution in enterocytes
    Khaldoun SA, Emond-Boisjoly MA, Chateau D, Carrière V, Lacasa M, Rousset M, Demignot S and Morel E.
    Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2014 Jan
30 last publications

2021

  • Monitoring lipophagy in kidney epithelial cells in response to shear stress
    Roccio F, Claude-Taupin A, Botti J, Morel E, Codogno P and Dupont N
    Methods in Cell Biology 2021 March
  • Mitochondrial morphodynamics alteration induced by influenza virus infection as a new antiviral strategy
    Pila-Castellanos I*, Molino D*, McKellar J, Lines L, Da Graca J, Tauziet M, Chanteloup L, IMikaelian, Meyniel-Schicklin L, Codogno P, Vonderscher J, Delevoye C, Moncorgé O, Meldrum E, Goujon C, Morel E# and De Chassey B#
    PLoS Pathogens 2021 Feb
  • Phosphoinositides: functions in autophagy-related stress responses
    Claude-Taupin A and Morel E
    BBA Molecular and Cellular Biology of Lipids 2021 Feb
  • The lipid kinase hidden behind the PI3P: a specific dialog between the primary cilium and autophagic machinery
    Codogno P, Dupont N and Morel E
    Medecine/Sciences 2021 Jan
  • 2020

  • Fluid flow-induced shear stress controls the metabolism of proximal tubule kidney epithelial cells through primary cilium dependent lipophagy and mitochondrial biogenesis
    Miceli C*, Roccio F*, Penalva-Mousset L*, Morel E, Codogno P and Dupont N
    Autophagy 2020 Sept
  • Chemical targeting of NEET proteins reveals their function in mitochondrial morphodynamics
    Molino D*, Pila-Castellanos I*, Marjault HB, Amoedo ND, Kopp K, Rochin L, Karmi O, Sohn YS, Lines L, Hamaï A, Joly S, Radreau P, Vonderscher J, Codogno P, Giordano F, Machin P, Rossignol R, Meldrum E, Arnoult D, Ruggieri A, Nechushtai R, De Chassey B# and Morel E#
    EMBO Reports 2020 Nov
  • The primary cilium and lipophagy translate mechanical forces to direct metabolic adaptation of kidney epithelial cells
    Miceli C*, Penalva-Mousset L*, Roccio F*, Burtin M, Leroy C, Nemazanyy I, Friedlander G, Morel E, Terzi F, Codogno P and Dupont N
    Nature Cell Biology 2020 Aug
  • Ultrastructural and dynamic studies of the endosomal compartment in Down syndrome
    Botté A, Lainé J, Xicota L, Heiligenstein X, Fontaine G, Kasri A, Rivals I, Goh, P, Faklaris O, Cossec JC, Morel E, Rebillat AS, Nizetic D, Raposo G and Potier MC
    Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2020 July
  • Primary cilium-dependent autophagy drafts PIK3C2A to generate PI3P in response to shear stress.
    Boukhalfa A*, Nascimbeni AC*, Dupont N, Codogno P and Morel E
    Autophagy 2020 June
  • ER membrane and contact sites dynamics in autophagy regulation and stress response
    Morel E
    Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology 2020 May
  • PI3KC2α-dependent and VPS34-independent generation of PI3P controls primary cilium-mediated autophagy in response to shear stress.
    Boukhalfa A*, Nascimbeni AC*, Ramel D, Dupont N, Hirsch E, Gayral S, Laffargue M, Codogno P and Morel E
    Nature Communications 2020 Jan
  • 2019

  • Interplay between primary cilia, ubiquitin-proteasome system and autophagy.
    Boukhalfa A*, Miceli C*, Ávalos Y, Morel E# and Dupont N#.
    Biochimie 2019 July
  • The primary cilium protein folliculin is part of the autophagy signalling pathway to regulate epithelial cell size in response to fluid flow.
    Zemirli N*, Boukhalfa A*, Dupont N, Botti J, Codogno P and Morel E
    Cell Stress 2019 Feb
  • Monitoring of Autophagy and Cell Volume Regulation in Kidney Epithelial Cells in Response to Fluid Shear Stress.
    Lazari MM, Orhon I, Codogno P, Dupont N.
    Methods Mol Biol. 2019
  • Autophagy is required for memory formation and reverses age-related memory decline.
    Glatigny M*, Moriceau S*, Ramos-Brossier M*, Nascimbeni AC, Shanley MR, Rivagorda M, Boudarene N, Rousseaud A, Settembre C, Kuperwasser N, Friedlander G, Friedman AK, Morel E, Codogno P and Oury F.
    Current Biology 2019 Jan
  • 2018

  • A novel regulator of autophagosome biogenesis and lipid droplet dynamics.
    Morel E and Codogno P.
    EMBO Reports 2018 Sept
  • FOXO3a provides a quickstep from autophagy inhibition to apoptosis in cancer therapy.
    Codogno P and Morel E.
    Developmental Cell 2018 Mar
  • Mitochondrial dynamics in basal and stressful conditions.
    Zemirli N, Morel E and Molino D.
    International Journal of Molecular Science 2018 Feb
  • Cholesterol trafficking and raft-like membrane domain composition mediate scavenger receptor class B type 1-dependent lipid sensing in intestinal epithelial cells.
    Morel E, Ghezzal S, Lucchi G, Truntzer C, Pais de Barros JP, Simon-Plas F, Demignot S, Mineo C, Shaul PW, Leturque A, Rousset M and Carriere V.
    BBA Molecular And Cellular Biology of Lipids 2018 Feb
  • 2017

  • ER-driven membrane contact sites: evolutionary conserved machineries for stress response and autophagy regulation?
    Molino D, Nascimbeni AC, Giordano F, Codogno P and Morel E.
    Communicative & Integrative Biology 2017 Dec
  • To be or not be cell-autonomous? Autophagy says both
    Fenouille N, Nascimbeni AC, Botti-Millet J, Dupont N, Morel E and Codogno P
    Essays in Biochemistry 2017 Dec
  • Autophagy is required for endothelial cell alignment and atheroprotection under physiological blood flow.
    Vion AC, Kheloufi M, Hammoutene A, Poisson J, Lasselin J, Devue C, Pic I, Dupont N, Busse J, Stark K, Lafaurie-Janvore J, Barakat AI, Loyer X, Souyri M, Viollet B, Julia P, Tedgui A, Codogno P, Boulanger CM, Rautou PE.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Oct
  • Local detection of PI3P at autophagosome biogenesis membrane platforms
    Nascimbeni AC, Codogno P and Morel E.
    Autophagy 2017 Sept
  • Autophagosomal membranes assemble at ER-plasma membrane contact sites
    Nascimbeni AC, Codogno P and Morel E.
    Molecular and Cellular Oncology 2017 July
  • Cellular and molecular mechanism for secretory autophagy.
    Kimura T, Jia J, Claude-Taupin A, Kumar S, Choi SW, Gu Y, Mudd M, Dupont N, Jiang S, Peters R, Farzam F, Jain A, Lidke KA, Adams CM, Johansen T, Deretic V.
    Autophagy. 2017 Jun
  • ER-plasma membrane contact sites contribute to autophagosome biogenesis by regulation of local PI3P synthesis
    Nascimbeni AC, Giordano F, Dupont N, Grasso D, Vaccaro MI, Codogno P and Morel E.
    EMBO Journal 2017 May
  • PI3P in the regulation of autophagy membrane dynamics
    Nascimbeni AC, Codogno P and Morel E.
    FEBS Journal 2017 May
  • The biogenesis of autophagosome: a new challenge for the cell biologist
    Morel E.
    Médecine/Sciences 2017 Mar
  • The journey of the autophagosome through mammalian cell organelles and membranes
    Molino D, Zemirli N, Codogno P and Morel E.
    Journal of Molecular Biology 2017 Feb
  • Autophagy: a Druggable Process
    Morel E, Mehrpour M, Botti J, Dupont N, Hamaï A, Nascimbeni AC and Codogno P.
    Annual Reviews in Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 Jan
  • My main interest in biology concerns intracellular compartments membrane dynamics, trafficking and interconnections. I obtained my PhD in Physiology and Cell Biology at Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6 University (2003) and then specialized myself on endosomal membrane dynamics (Postdoc #1 (2004-2009), University of Geneva, Dept of Biochemistry, Geneva, CH) and on biology of phosphoinositides on endosomal features of Alzheimer’s disease (Postdoc #2 (2009-2010), Columbia University, Cell Biology and Pathology Dept, NYC, USA). After having a permanent position at Inserm, I studied the role of autophagy in alimentary lipids behavior in human enterocytes (Centre de Recherches des Cordeliers (2010-2013), Paris) and I then joined the Cell Biology department of Institut Necker Enfants Malades in 2014 to develop projects on basic autophagy in the context of stress sensing. The research goal of my team is to understand how mammalian cells organelles cooperate with autophagic machinery to respond to stress stimuli.

    https://sbcf.fr/member/etienne-morel/

    Permanent researcher
    Joëlle Botti
    -
    +33 (0)1 40 61 54 01
    Nicolas Dupont
    -
    +33 (0)1 40 61 54 02
    Etienne Morel
    Researcher
    +33 (0)1 40 61 54 00
    Post-doctoral degree
    Aurore Claude-Taupin
    Post-Doctoral Researcher
    +33 (0)1 40 61 54 11
    PhD
    Juliane Da Graca
    PhD Student
    Federica Roccio
    PhD Student
    +33 (0)1 40 61 54 03
    Student
    Rosa Salhi
    Graduate student
    Pavithra Sundararaju
    Graduate student
    Emeritus
    Patrice Codogno
    -
    +33 (0)1 40 61 54 88
    Address

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    Support(s)
    HRH Princess Caroline of Hanover, who through the Princess Grace Foundation, already supports medical research and anything that helps to relieve the sick children in France and around the world, has agreed to commit to our side so that our Center of Molecular medicine continues to meet the current challenges and fight diseases, and in particular the ones affecting children.

    INEM - Organigramme